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Final Assignment

Women Portrayed Around the Globe

The way women are portrayed is much different in every country around the world. Women in the United States have the opportunity to get great jobs and can be interviewed by a journalist to have their quotes in newspapers or magazines. Women in Mali do not have as many rights as women in the U.S., but they are working to change that. According to this article called, “Empowering Women: Sweeping Media Changes in Coverage of African Women,” it states how women who work in the agricultural fields everyday were never interviewed by reporters. Now, the women of Mali created a program called, “Reporting on Agriculture and Women: Africa.” Even though the women of Mali did not have any rights with the media, they changed that around and created that program. Women in Mali were in need of freedom, and they received this by standing up for themselves and creating a program. While women in Mali are just starting to get their freedom slowly but surely, women in India are worried about their body type. Countries like India, Iran, and other ones are usually not as uptight as their body image as much as the United States. But now the article Body Image in Indian women as influenced by the Indian Media that statement wrong. “Several studies have found that women and girls in many parts of the world experience levels of body image disturbance and eating disorders that are similar to levels found in Western samples,” the article stated. Women in other countries are comparing themselves to the United States female body type which is not good. This article states how many females have eating disorders in the states. Why should Indian women compare themselves to the U.S when we have one of the most highest eating disorders as a country in the world? The body image in India is definitely changing, especially in their celebrities, or “Bollywood,” as they call it. Women in Bollywood were usually a little plump, but even now they are becoming slimmer over time, which is changing the perception of Indian women.

Advertising and television is also killing women around the globe and how they are perceived. Just like Bollywood in India and how that is affecting women’s body image, in the United States, it is the same problem. Advertising are killing women and girls slowly. In the youtube clip called Killing Us Softly 3: Advertising’s Image of Women,
it states how much women are tempted to look as thin and frail for men’s pleasure, because that is what men think is beautiful now a days. Advertisements are especially degrading to women, such as an advertisement for beer. The camera is focused on the woman’s legs instead of the beer bottle she is holding on beside her legs. Advertising puts women in the wrong light; only seen as objects. In Mexico, their advertising campaign is not about the sexual women advertising products- it is about making women look like they are degrading men by ruining their life. According to the article Mexican Ad Campaign Mock Country’s Gender Bias, they gave an example of a commercial where a boss fired his male employee due to his wife being pregnant. Another commercial was about a man complaining he couldn’t go to work because he had to take care of his sick daughter. These commercials are not fair at all for women. Why do they have to be bias when it comes to gender? It is the 20th century, both sexes should be represented fairly in the media. Lastly, an article from an Argentinean website states, “Women are, accordingly, expected not only to emulate, but to exhibit a model-like physique, airbrushed to perfection.” What kind of a quote is this? But it is so true about women in the media. Women have to be beautiful in every single magazine page, every single runway model show, and in the daily life. Argentina is obviously not as far away from the United States when it comes to exploiting women.

This is an Argentinean woman on the runway, depicting that this is the ideal woman for men. Because of models like these, men think this is the real "beauty." In reality, this is not the truth. How can we all be 5'10'' and 100 lbs.?

This is an Argentinean woman on the runway, depicting that this is the ideal woman for men. Because of models like these, men think this is the real “beauty.” In reality, this is not the truth. How can we all be 5’10” and 100 lbs.?

Magazines like these, especially in the United States, can make girls feel incompetent about their bodies. If girls start reading this at a young age, then they will start worrying about their body image throughout their teens and 20's and think that boys will only like them if they are that skinny.

Magazines like these, especially in the United States, can make girls feel incompetent about their bodies. If girls start reading this at a young age, then they will start worrying about their body image throughout their teens and 20’s and think that boys will only like them if they are that skinny.

Christmas Traditions Around the Globe

Christmas is a time for family, food, religion, and many other traditions. Around the world, different cultures celebrate this holiday. In the United States, homes are decorated with mistletoe, lights on the homes, images of Santa Clause, and more. Usually the extended family comes over on Christmas Day and  enjoys a feast of roasted turkey with vegetables and sauces. For dessert it is usually fruity pudding with brandy sauce and pumpkin pies. However, halfway across the globe in Israel, Christmas is celebrated in a different way. They celebrate their Christmas meal on Christmas Eve, but eat the large portion meal at lunchtime. Their food consists of turkey, spiced with pepper, cinnamon, and nutmeg stuffed with rice, meat, pine nuts, and almonds. It’s interesting to see that countries have different traditions when it comes to eating Christmas meals. The United States is not the birthplace of Jesus, but Israel is. Therefore, we have impromptu stages of what we think the actual birthplace of Jesus looked like. But in Israel, they set a blaze with flags and decorations the place where Jesus was born, Bethlehem. In the United States, masses on Christmas Eve, midnight masses, and Christmas day masses take place all over the country. But in Israel, it is a set mass time for the whole country. Galloping horsemen on Arabian horses come into the crowded church doorways and stand on the roofs of the churches for the dramatic annual mass. Israelis have a more realistic version of the mass of what they think really happened the night Jesus was born, while Americans go to any church mass they want too on the two days and are not as extreme with real life animals in the mass.

While India and the United States only celebrate Christmas within December 24 and the 25th, Mexico’s celebrations start nine days prior to Christmas Day, called Las Posados. During this event, people go to one house per night to tell the religious story of Mary and Joseph looking for a house to stay in. Many countries do not have games or events they do for Christmas. But in the U.S, they usually read the book The Night Before Christmas to the children of the family, and in Mexico, children hit pinatas. While people in Israel watch from their rooftops the procession of the animals and the parade into the church for the mass, in Mexico, all of the citizens are the parade. They make the grand procession to the church to lay gifts beside the manger and then they celebrate the midnight mass.

In majority of the world, people exchange presents for Christmas. However, in Cuba, the tradition has always been to not do gift exchanges for Christmas. Even though it is hard on the children, a country has to follow traditions, as the article says. In America, the art of giving presents away is due to the three wise men giving Frankincense, Gold, and Myrrh to the baby Jesus. American children have to know that they are not receiving gifts because they have been, “Naughty or Nice,” but because of the gifts the three wise men gave Jesus; it is all about tradition. Christmas traditions in Nicaragua are a few of the same in some countries. They celebrate Las Posadas, the nine day walking to people’s homes like the people in Mexico do. They also give their young small gifts like candy, little toys, and religious items. Nicaraguans also shoot off fireworks on Christmas Day while they are opening presents. For their family feast, they do not eat the typical turkey or ham as some countries do. They eat chicken tamales and homemade candies and desserts.

Children and adults go to one door per night to tell the people of Mexico about Mary and Joseph's adventure finding a house to live before they give birth to their son Jesus. I think the point of this is for people to be thankful for the roof over their head, especially during the holiday season.

Children and adults go to one door per night to tell the people of Mexico about Mary and Joseph’s adventure finding a house to live before they give birth to their son Jesus. I think the point of this is for people to be thankful for the roof over their head, especially during the holiday season.

Not many people outdo their homes during the Christmas season in the world, but Americans are known for going above and beyond for their festive Christmas lights. Santa does not come to Nicaragua to drop off gifts, but Americans make their house lit so Santa does not forget to stop at their house!

Not many people outdo their homes during the Christmas season in the world, but Americans are known for going above and beyond for their festive Christmas lights. Santa does not come to Cuba to drop off gifts, but Americans make their house lit so Santa does not forget to stop at their house!

I really enjoyed this blog posting because I got to find out more about how women are presented around the world differently in their own country, and I enjoyed learning about Christmas traditions around the globe as well. This was a great class, Professor Hilford. Stay cool and I’ll see you around!

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